If you get migraine headaches, your brain will most definitely be vulnerable to external factors such as weather changes, bright illumination or too loud noises as well as certain smells such as the smell of tobacco or some others.
Besides, people suffering from migraines are susceptible to internal factors as well, which include but are not limited to hormonal changes and mood swings that can provoke emotional stress and lead to the occurrence of pain. Any such changes send a message to your brain that the external or internal conditions threaten your well-being.
As a result, you will get truly unbearable pain in your head, but before you deal with it, there is a need to know for sure that you have a migraine. There are other types of headaches such as tension headaches, which require other ways of treatment.
The question of how to manage migraines is not a new one, because this disease has a long history of existence, but despite innumerable studies on this matter, it has not yet been discovered how to tackle the problem in an efficient way. Let’s see what needs to be considered when dealing with a migraine.
How to Stop Migraine Attacks
The major idea behind managing migraine attacks is the fact that you need to not only stop the on-going pain but also prevent it from developing in the future.
There are lots of medications used to stop the pain, such as the ones belonging to the triptan group as well as the ones containing caffeine and barbiturate components that help to alleviate pain.
The first group includes Zolmitriptan, Sumatriptan, Naratriptan, and other drugs, while the latter includes Fioricet and many other medications, which are rather effective in stopping the pain.
How to Prevent Migraines
Another question faced by patients suffering from migraines is how to prevent future attacks. In this respect, it is recommendable to follow the directions:
- Keep track of the triggering factors. Not in every case, a migraine is provoked by the same triggers. Lots of people have migraines after they eat chocolate or drink alcohol, or when they are dehydrated. Loud noise and certain smells may also serve as a trigger. It is, therefore, important to avoid the factors that provoke a headache in your particular case;
- Try to reduce stress. Emotional and physical stress is the major factor behind migraine attacks. It is better to practice relaxation, meditation, long walks, yoga and swimming in order to prevent future attacks;
- Don’t forget about regular sleep and sufficient physical exercising. If you sleep too little or too much, it can provoke a migraine. Try to wake up and go to bed according to a good schedule to prevent migraines in the future. Physical training is also important, but it is better to avoid severe exercising because this might also provoke a migraine.
As such, managing migraine is not easy, but with a little bit of knowledge, you’ll learn your triggers and will know for sure what to avoid to prevent the attacks.