What is a Migraine: Basic Facts

Migraine Basic Facts

A migraine represents an intense headache that is accompanied by a range of symptoms and is supposedly related to the improper structure of the brain chemicals and inadequate functioning of the nervous system.

It used to be believed that a migraine is related only to the functioning of one’s blood system, caused by improper blood flow through the vessels, but today many doctors tend to see it as a neurological disease. It is provoked by both genetic and external factors in the majority of cases.

Researchers and medical practitioners have come to a shared opinion that this type of headache is not simply intense pain, but rather a mixture of unbalanced neurological signs.

Migraine Signs and Symptoms

A migraine attack sometimes lasts for several days. As a rule, it may continue for up to three days and may be accompanied by the following signs and symptoms:

  • Visual impairments;
  • Sensitivity to light, smells, and sounds;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Numbness, etc.

Apart from this, a migraine can be categorized into different types and variations. It might be important for people to tell the difference between various types of headaches such as tension headaches, migraine, or just a headache caused by emotional stress, because this may change the way of treatment and determine what medications to use during treatment in your particular case.

Migraine Signs and Symptoms

Headaches might not necessarily be severe, but migraines are in many ways different from regular headaches because, in such cases, pain is intense and accompanied by the feeling of pressure.

The Difference between Migraines and Other Headache Types

The most widespread type of headache is known as a tension headache, which might be provoked by the contraction of muscles, physical or emotional stress as well as a feeling of anxiety.

In such cases, patients are generally prescribed with medicines such as Fioricet, which can also be used for the treatment of migraine headaches in certain cases.

Migraines differ from tension headaches in many ways, which is majorly revealed in the difference between the symptoms and signs of these diseases. However, just like a tension headache, migraine can be provoked by stress and in such cases, the treatment course might be somewhat similar.

How to Manage Migraines

When facing a problem like a migraine, it is necessary to consider what provocative factors cause this condition in your individual case. These could include the following:

  • Irregular sleeping patterns;
  • Lack of exercising or too severe physical training;
  • Certain smells, loud noise, and flashing lights;
  • Certain food products such as chocolate, cheese, garlic, and others;
  • Drinks containing caffeine, such as coffee or tea;
  • Alcoholic beverages and smoking.

It needs to be noted that although some people think that a strong cup of tea will alleviate the symptoms of a migraine, it is not always so because it does not produce the same effect in all cases. In some instances, caffeine can provoke more intense headaches than previously. Therefore, it is worth considering what works well for you personally and what needs to be avoided at all costs.

What to Do if You Have a Migraine Attack

Try to take control over migraine symptoms if you are suffering from a migraine attack. Lie down in a dark and quiet space where no one will disturb you to avoid an aggravation of the symptoms.

Place a cold compress over your head, massage your head with your fingers and press your fingers to the temples in order to mitigate the symptoms. Don’t forget to drink enough fluids, particularly if you have vomited. It is also useful to take the prescribed medications as soon as possible.